Navajo rugs
Navajo Rug Appraisal Co.Trademark
Navajo Rug Appraisal Co.
Navajo Rug Appraisal Co.
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Appraisal of Navajo Rugs and Oriental Rugs


Navajo Rug Glossary

Every few weeks we will post a few definitions of Navajo rug terms.  Some of these Navajo rug terms are more common than others and some are terms that are used primarily by Indian arts dealers.  The information on this page is designed to be helpful to the owner or purchaser of Navajo rugs and will include the author's interpretations and explanations in the attempt to clarify the often confusing world of Indian arts and Navajo rugs.

  • Churro Sheep    The breed of sheep brought to America by Coronado in 1540 and again in 1598 by Don Juan Ornate.  The first wool used by the Navajos for weaving. 
  • Conservation    Methods used for preservation as opposed to restoration.  In true conservation, the method used should change the item as little as possible and also be reversible.  Stitching for stabilization would be an example. 
  • Aniline Dyes    Synthetic coal tar derived dye used in Navajo weavings from about the 1880s after the arrival of the railroad.  There are some Navajo rugs predating the 1880s that show the use of aniline dyes, some dating to the Bosque Redondo period.  The earliest aniline dye (mauvine) was invented (discovered) by William Perkin in 1856.  Mauvine was too expensive to used in Navajo rugs but later synthetic dyes such as Fushine - Magenta were cheaper and were therefore used extensively.  A more appropriate term for such dyes might be "synthetic dyes" distinguishing them from vegetal dyes.

If you have any suggestions for our Navajo rug glossary, please e-mail us.

3 Navajo rugs

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Navajo Rug Appraisal Co.
7049 E. Tanque Verde Rd., Box 132, Tucson, Arizona 85715


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Navajo Rug Appraisal Co., last updated January 22, 2018

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January 22, 2018